Cairngorms History

Cairngorms protected area has been populated by people as far as 7000 years ago, as the archaeological track proves. Prehistoric Celts and Picts clans have been established here between the 10th and th18th century. The proof of their life here are the numerous castles ruins, that are telling their story to anyone that wants to hear more.

When the Jacobite rose up stronger, it ended the Clan way of life. The modern life of the Jacobites defeated the ancient organisation and grew new industries, roads, plantations, glens and town architecture.

When the railway made its way to Cairngorms, it brought the tourists in. Some of them like the wealthiest build vacation houses and shooting lodges. This new architecture once more changed the landscape and architecture of the Park.

Following, are some of the most important monuments that carry the proof of the Parks evolution.

  • Ruthven Barracks – infantry building, built around 1700, designed to accommodate two rangers and a stable for their animals. The place had been burnt in 1746 by the army of Prince Charles Edward Stuart.
  • Corgarff Castle – started as a tower house with four stories, but had been transformed to a fort in 1748. The castle stands today fully renovated, as it had been in the time the Government used it as a military garrison.
  • Glenlivet Distillery – the very first Highlands’ licensed distillery was and still is functioning today. Visitors tours and tastings sessions are available.
  • Highlands Folk Museum – has gathered clues from the last 200 years of human life in the area. The collections contain farming utensils, house and school house items.
  • Victorian Heritage Trail – is a distinctive track tour, which passes through the points Queen Victoria had enjoyed the most during her stay in the Park.
  • Newtonmore – a Riding Centre owned by the Ormiston Family, which has been breeding the indigenous Pony species.

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